Miami-Dade County, Florida consists of 36 cities as well as unincorporated
areas that comprise 45% of the county population. According to the 2000
census, Miami-Dade county had a population of 2,253,362 of whom 1,291,737
(57%) were Hispanic/Latino. By 2005 the population grew to 2,422,075 with
proportionate growth throughout most of the county, including the two
largest cities (Miami, 386,882 and Hialeah, 230,407). The city of Miami
is 66% Hispanic/Latino and Hialeah is 90% Hispanic/Latino.
According to the 2000 census, among the 1,291,737 Hispanics/Latinos living
in Miami-Dade County, 50% were Cuban American, 11% South American,
9% Central American, 6% Puerto Rican, 3% Mexican American,
3% Dominican American, and 18% classified as Other.
Within the county, 54% of the residents were foreign born.
Of these, 93% came from Latin America and 59% report speaking
Spanish at home. Some of the 31% of residents who have lived
in Miami-Dade County for five years or more report speaking
English less than very well. Above the age of 25 years,
60% of Hispanics/Latinos have at least completed high school
compared with 68% for the total county. The highlighted areas
of the map above represent the selected census tracts in Miami-Dade County.
(Click on the map to enlarge
The primary focus of recruitment for the HCHS/SOL is in the southwest
section of Miami-Dade County. This area consists of approximately 20
contiguous census tracts beginning just south of the Miami Field Center
and extending further south and west to the city of Coral Gables.
Most of the targeted census tracts are located in the city of Miami.
Of 362,470 people living in the city of Miami according to the 2000 census,
238,351 (66%) were Hispanic/Latino. Among those 52% were Cuban American,
4% Puerto Rican, 2% Mexican American, and 42% Other Hispanic/Latino.
In the city of Coral Gables there were 42,249 residents according to the 2000
census with 19,703 (47%) being Hispanic/Latino. Among these Hispanic/Latino
62% were Cuban American, 5% Puerto Rican, 2% Mexican American and
31% Other Hispanic/Latino. The map above provides a closer view
of the selected census tracts in the Miami area. (Click on the map to enlarge
Within the primary focus area, the city of Miami had a median household
income of $23,483 with 24% of households classified as poor although
there was considerable income diversity; and the city of Coral Gables
had a median household income of $66,839 with only 8% of households
classified as poor.